Kahramanmaraş Archeological Museum
The first museum in Kahramanmaraş was established in 1947 in Taş Madrasah, it was moved to Kahramanmaraş Castle in 1961. In 1975, it was moved to the current museum building located in the Provincial Center of Azerbaijan Boulevard. The re-projecting work started in September 2003 for the completion of the additional construction of the Kahramanmaraş Museum, the foundation of which was laid in 1977, was finalized and the Kahramanmaraş Archeological Museum was opened in May 2012. The museum, which has 30,000 works in its inventory records, awaits its visitors with seven exhibition halls, one children’s education and one multi-purpose meeting hall, garden display area and landscaping.
- Antique Elephant Exhibition Hall
- Direkli Cave Excavation Animation and Exhibition Hall
- Domuztepe Tumulus Excavation Animation and Exhibition Hall
- Maraş Lion and Hittite Works Exhibition Hall
- Mosaic Exhibition Hall
- Stone Works and Stela Exhibition Hall
- Chronological Archaeological Artifacts Exhibition Hall
- Coin Display Section
- Garden Display Complex
Germanicia Ancient City and Floor Mosaics
Maraş was conquered by the Romans in 64 BC and the name of the Roman Emperor Gaisus Caesar Agustus Germanicus was given to the city and it was named “Kaiseria Germanicia”. It is understood from the Latin, Greek and Arabic sources of the age that the Germanicia Mosaics belong to the Late Roman & Early Byzantine Period (Assoc. Prof. Dr. İlyas GÖKHAN, Başlangıçtan Günümüze Kadar Maraş Tarihi, p.20, 2011). The Mosaics revealed today reflect the political, social, cultural and economic status in the city during this period. The abundance of tessera in the mosaic layers also provided fine details to the motifs. Depictions on mosaics include floral and geometric motifs, depictions selected from daily life, and compositions showing the architectural structure of the period. The Germanicia Mosaics, which possess a unique character and quality with their meticulous craftsmanship, patterns in depictions, variety of subjects and iconography, are in a more privileged position (5th International Mosaic Symposium Final Declaration, 2011)
A series of studies are carried out on the Floor Mosaics of the Ancient City of Germanicia, which was unearthed as a result of the illegal excavation notice in August 2007, located in the Karamaraş district of the county Dulkadiroğlu of our province.
The 146-hectare area covering the Dulkadiroğlu district Şeyhadil, Bağlarbaşı, Namık Kemal and Dulkadiroğlu neighborhoods was registered as a III. degree archaeological site in 2010, Transitional Period Protection Principles and Conditions of Use were determined.
In the area where the Germanicia Mosaics are located, 78 parcels of mosaics etc. have been registered as 1st and 2nd degree archaeological sites.
Within the scope of the studies carried out with Uludağ University Mosaic Research Center, the 5th International Turkish Mosaic Corpus Symposium was held in Kahramanmaraş in June 2011. The papers of the International Turkish Mosaic Symposium, which included the floor mosaics of the ancient city of Kahramanmaraş Germanicia in the world literature, were published in the international refereed journal “Journal of Mosaic Research” in December 2012.
46 parcels in the Germanicia mosaic area have been expropriated since 2008. As a result of the excavations initiated in 2009, a 300 m² mosaic layer has been unearthed in 18 parcels (3750 m²) in 5 different areas so far. In 2018, Dulkadiroğlu District was opened to tourism with 2424 blocks 2 and 3 parcels, and in 2020 with 461 blocks 4 and 5 parcels and 374 blocks and 14 parcels.
It is planned to project and open to tourism the ancient city of Germanicia as an archeopark or mosaic museum in line with the ongoing studies in order to keep the cultural values accepted as the common heritage of all humanity and to introduce cultural assets with universal values to the world.
It is on a heaped hill in the city center of Kahramanmaraş. The castle, which has undergone many repairs until today, is thought to have been built between the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. It has a nearly rectangular plan of 150×75 m. Part of the castle walls and three bastions were repaired.
The outer walls of the square planned bastion are face stone and the inner walls are rubble stone. Interior walls, more than half of which were destroyed, interior gate corridor and gate posts were repaired. There is a double-winged gate with a pointed arch on the south face of the bastion. Wooden gate wings are covered with thick sheet metal and riveted with large-headed nails. East of the bastion is loopholed. The bastion with an internal cross plan opens to the castle through another gate on the long arm of the cross.
Yedikuyular Ski Centre
The ski center located in the district of Dulkadiroğlu in Kahramanmaraş, Yedi Kuyu, is 15 minutes (20 km) from Kahramanmaraş city center. Mountain houses, ski rental unit, health unit, restaurant and cafe, social facilities and ski tracks and sledges for amateur and professional skiers were built on an area of 1.000.000 m2 in order to bring our people together with winter sports, to create areas for both professional and amateur athletes, to create pleasant summer and winter holiday areas.
Access to Ilıcası Hot Springs, which is 70 km from the center of Kahramanmaraş, is very easy. The continuation of the 12 km section of the road from the edge of the Menzelet Dam reveals the natural wonders of Kahramanmaraş during the journey. Since Ilıca Hot Springs have been known as a tourism area in the region for a long time, there are sufficient number of hostels, hotels and other businesses to meet the needs of tourists. It is known that thermal water in Ilıca, which hosts tourists and patients seeking healing for their diseases at all times of the year, provides benefits in healing many diseases. Precious thermal water, plateau, natural beauties and ease of transportation make it a center of attraction in terms of health tourism.
Başkonuş Highland is located in the northwest of Onikişubat District of Kahramanmaraş Province. Average altitude is 1300 meters. With its wide plain surrounded by steep slopes covered with forest, it has a structure that allows various activities such as camping, festivals, etc. Başkonuş Recreation Area, with a public forest in the north, is surrounded by the summit of Başkonuş Mountain at an altitude of 1780 meters in the south and Başkonuş ridges in the east. Located at the 30th kilometer of the Kahramanmaraş-Kayseri highway, the recreation area is 55 km from the provincial center by following the double lane asphalt road and 25 km after the crossroads of Andirin. Başkonuş Recreation Area was registered as a B type forest recreation area in 1995, and in 2006 it became a type A recreation area. In 2007, Başkonuş Recreation Area area was increased from 10 hectares to 16 hectares.
The region has a locally cool climate especially in summer. Depending on the height in the region, cermes oak, azederach, wild strawberry, turpentine, sumac, red pine, taurus larch, lebanese cedar, oriental beech, vine old World hop hornbeam, alder, fir and taurus cedar are widely available. Among plant species, hyacinth, tulip, inverted tulip, snow flower, mountain hyacinth, sunflower and cyclamen are common.
It is 36 km from Kahramanmaraş city center. It was declared as the 39th Nature Park of Turkey on 15.12.2009. Yavşan Highland Nature Park covers an area of 348 hectares. In the southern part of the Nature Park, an area of 238 hectares contains cedar trees aged 600-700, various endemic flora and fauna species. As a result of the scientific studies carried out in the highland, which is very rich in plant species, it has been determined that there are 534 ranales distributed over 67 families and 287 species. 68 (12.7%) of these plants are endemic. Among the coniferous species, Taurus Fir (Abies cilicica), Taurus Cedar (Cedrus libani), black pine and juniper, among the leafed species, aspen and oak species are spread in the area. There are wild walnuts in the streams. The field is home to different types of wild animals. As wild animals, there are wild boars, wolves, foxes, rabbits and different bird species.